For a smart and socially responsible future: smart social cities, smart social universities
The Smart City concept emerged shortly before 2010 and is frequently used in the political and academic debate about cities. This term has eclipsed other concepts related to urban sustainability as “sustainable cities” or “eco-cities” (Joss, 2015), although these ideas of sustainability and ecology have been permanently incorporated into the intelligence’s. The use of ICT is the fundamental and distinctive element of the Smart City concept (Deakin and Al Wear, 2011), but the ultimate goal of a Smart City should be to achieve efficient management in all areas of the city (city planning, infrastructure, transportation, services, education, health, safety, energy, etc.). The Smart University concept is a translation into the university environment of the Smart City concept, seeking to apply to the University the need to approach new models, proposals, solutions and strategies, and that in this approach, ICT can play a key role. This perspective is enriched by the university dimension to the extent that the main objective (although not the only one) of the universities is the improvement of the living conditions of citizens through investment in research, knowledge and learning. Thus emerges a new concept, that of Smart Social University, which through the articulation of the three fundamental axes (the university itself, the public administration and the private investments), promotes innovation and social progress on the solid basis of sustainability criteria, participation, cooperation, technology and ecology.