The Covid-19 pandemic, since the beginning of 2020, has spread throughout the planet which has resulted in radical changes and transformations of unpredictable scope in all areas of social, political, and economic life. From a health perspective, the challenges that are imposed are gigantic and extremely complex, both in relation to the etiological factors of the disease, as well as in the strategies to combat contagion and immunization. The development of vaccines, the definition, and compliance with their respective application protocols are presented as a problem of the first order worldwide, involving a multitude of political, economic, social, and ethical issues. In this context, the field of human health sciences and medical humanities, which had already been playing an increasingly important role in interdisciplinary health studies in the last two decades, is now emerging as an indispensable and strategic resource for the production of knowledge and thought-provocation.
Faced with this complex and challenging scenario of pandemics and mass vaccinations, what role can and should the human sciences and, especially, the humanities play? What are the most relevant studies that are being conducted in this area and how their inferences can affect the definition or redefinition of new protocols or even public policies, involving not only the field of public or collective health but also areas such as mental health, quality of life and others?
On the contrary, it is also necessary to ask to what extent this entire pandemic context has been affecting research in the field of medical humanities and what all these challenges have been determining in the redefinition of thematic, theoretical, and methodological approaches in the different perspectives of knowledge about health.